This work adopts a Banach-valued time series framework for component-wise estimation and prediction, from temporal correlated functional data, in presence of exogenous variables. The strong-consistency of the proposed functional estimator and associated plug-in predictor is formulated. The simulation study undertaken illustrates their large-sample size properties. Air pollutants PM10 curve forecasting, in the Haute-Normandie region (France), is addressed by implementation of the functional time series approach presented.

New results on strong-consistency in the trace operator norm are obtained, in the parameter estimation of an autoregressive Hilbertian process of order one (ARH(1) process). Additionally, a strongly-consistent diagonal componentwise estimator of the autocorrelation operator is derived, based on its empirical singular value decomposition.

Esta tesis proporciona nuevos resultados en el contexto de la estimación y predicción funcional, a partir de modelos autorregresivos Hilbertianos, o bien, con valores en espacios de Banach separables. El objetivo fundamental es proporcionar herramientas adecuadas para modelizar relaciones lineales entre variables aleatorias funcionales, que dependen de un índice temporal.

A special class of standard Gaussian Autoregressive Hilbertian processes of order one (Gaussian ARH(1) processes), with bounded linear autocorrelation operator, which does not satisfy the usual Hilbert–Schmidt assumption, is considered. To compensate the slow decay of the diagonal coefficients of the autocorrelation operator, a faster decay velocity of the eigenvalues of the trace autocovariance operator of the innovation process is assumed. As usual, the eigenvectors of the autocovariance operator of the ARH(1) process are considered for projection, since, here, they are assumed to be known. Diagonal componentwise classical and bayesian estimation of the autocorrelation operator is studied for prediction. The asymptotic efficiency and equivalence of both estimators is proved, as well as of their associated componentwise ARH(1) plugin predictors. A simulation study is undertaken to illustrate the theoretical results derived.

This paper presents new results on the prediction of linear processes in function spaces. The autoregressive Hilbertian process framework of order one (ARH(1) framework) is adopted. A component-wise estimator of the autocorrelation operator is derived from the moment-based estimation of its diagonal coefficients with respect to the orthogonal eigenvectors of the autocovariance operator, which are assumed to be known. Mean-square convergence to the theoretical autocorrelation operator is proved in the space of Hilbert–Schmidt operators. Consistency then follows in that space. Mean absolute convergence, in the underlying Hilbert space, of the ARH(1) plug-in predictor to the conditional expectation is obtained as well. A simulation study is undertaken to illustrate the large-sample behavior of the formulated component-wise estimator and predictor. Additionally, alternative component-wise (with known and unknown eigenvectors), regularized, wavelet-based penalized, and nonparametric kernel estimators of the autocorrelation operator are compared with the one presented here, in terms of prediction.

New results on functional prediction of the Ornstein–Uhlenbeck process in an autoregressive Hilbert-valued and Banach-valued frameworks are derived. Specifically, consistency of the maximum likelihood estimator of the autocorrelation operator, and of the associated plug-in predictor is obtained in both frameworks.

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